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- Actin : A globular protein that can polymerise to form microfilaments; essential for cell movement and muscle contraction.
- Acute coronary syndrome : Set of signs and symptoms related to the heart, due to myocardial ischemia.
- Adenosine triphosphate : A molecule sometimes called the "energy currency" of a cell
- Aplastic anemia : Disorder in which the bone marrow greatly decreases or stops production of blood cells.
- Aspirin : Common analgesic used for treating mild to moderate pain; protective against blood clots and heart disease when administered indefinitely in low doses
- Blood component transfusion : A medical procedure in which the patient receives selected fluid (i.e., plasma or clotting factors) or cellular components of blood, rather than whole blood
- Blood : The body fluid that circulates in the vascular system (i.e., blood vessels). Whole blood includes plasma and blood cells.
- Complement (immunologic) : A sequence of normally inactive proteins, which, when activated by foreign proteins of bacteria and other microorganisms, produce protein variants that variously open holes in the cell wall of invaders, and also opsonize the foreign cells to make them "tasty" to attack cells that will destroy them with phagocytosis
- Complete blood count : A basic set of counts and ratios of various blood cells, which can be both individually and jointly valuable in medical diagnosis
- Dengue fever : A viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes and is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions.
- Erythrocyte : Blood cells that carry hemoglobin
- Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor : Naturally occurring protein that stimulates the production of granulocytes and macrophages by stem cells and is used as a drug by some immunosuppressed individuals.
- Megakaryocyte : Bone marrow cell with a lobulate nucleus, responsible for the production of blood thrombocytes, which are necessary for normal blood clotting.
- Myelodysplastic syndrome : Haematological conditions united by ineffective production of blood cells and varying risks of transformation to acute myelogenous leukaemia.
- Myocardial infarction : A heart attack, gross necrosis of the myocardium, resulting from interruption of the blood supply to the area.
- Pathology : The medical specialty that is expert in the use of laboratory methods to support clinicians in diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis
- Platelet activation : Series of progressive, overlapping events triggered by exposure of the platelets to subendothelial tissue, and release reactions.
- Red blood cells : Also called erythrocytes; a type of disc-shaped blood cell that contain hemoglobin, and the body's principal means of delivering oxygen to the body's cells via the blood, and the removal of carbon dioxide wastes that result from metabolism.
- Staphylococcus aureus : Facultatively anaerobic, Gram-positive pathogenic coccus capable of producing suppurative lesions, furunculosis, pyemia, osteomyelitis, food poisoning, and may be resistant to commonly used antibiotics.
- Streptococcus pyogenes : Spherical Gram-positive pathogenic bacterium that grows in long chains and is the cause of Group A streptococcal infections, and fatal septicemias.
- Vasopressin receptor : Cell surface receptors to which vasopressins bind or interact in order to modify the function of the cells. Two types of vasopressin receptor exist, the V1 receptor in the vascular smooth muscle and the V2 receptor in the kidneys.
- Vasopressin : A hormone also called (arginine vasopressin, (AVP); formerly known as antidiuretic hormone, ADH), produced in the hypothalamus secreted from the posterior pituitary that causes kidneys to concentrate urine to conserve water, also causes vasoconstriction.