Eulemur macaco (Black Lemur)
The black lemur Eulemur macaco macaco, a so called "true lemur", is a medium-sized quadrupedal Lemur. In the wild, it is found only on the island of Madagascar and small islands of the Northeast coast.
The black lemur is a cathemeral Primate that has a head body length of approximately 39 – 45 cm and a tail length of around 50-65 cm. Weight ranges between approximately 3 and 3.5 kg. Males are typically dark chocolate brown to black, while females have golden-brown to chesnut colored backs and light colored bellies. The female's face is grey to black, the crown a darker grey and the ears white tuffed . The eyes of both sexes are orange .
The black lemur is considered to be endangered by the IUCN.
- J. Fleagle (1998). Primate Adaptation and Evolution. Academic Press: New York.
- F. Szalay and E. Delson (2001). Evolutionary History of the Primates. Academic Press, New York.
- Mittermeier et al. (2006). Lemurs of Madagascar. Conservation International.